Shamanism and Creativity
By Sandra Harner
© Shamanism, Fall/Winter 1999, Vol. 12, No. 2


  1. Wycoft 1991
  2. Wallas 1926
  3. Patrick 1935, 1937, 1938: Rossman 1931: Osborn 1953: Stein 1967: Werthelmer 1945
  4. Guilford 1950, 1957, 1959
  5. MacKinnon 1968
  6. Goldenberg, Mazursky, and Solomon 1999
  7. Harner 1980
  8. Chauvet, Deschamps, and Hillaire 1996
  9. Clottes and Courtin 1996
  10. Eliade 1964

References Cited

Chauvet, Jean-Marie, Ellette B. Deschamps, and Christian Hillaire
1990 Dawn of Art: The Chauvet Cave. New York: Abrams.

Clottes, Jean and Jean Courtin
1996 The Cave Beneath the Sea. New York: Abrams.

Eliade, Mircea
1964 Shamanism: Archaic Techniques of Ecstasy. Bollingen Series LXXVI. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Goldenberg, J., D. Mazursky, and S. Solomon.
1999 “Creative Sparks." Science 285: 1495-1496.

Guilford, J. P.
1950 "Creativity." American Psychologist 5: 444-454.
1957 “Creative Ability in the Arts." Psychological Review 64: 110-118.
1959 “Traits of Creativity." In, Creativity and Its Cultivation (H. H.
Anderson, ed.) New York: Harper and Row.

Harner, Michael
1980 The Way of the Shaman. San Francisco: Harper and Row.

MacKinnon, D. W.
1968 "Selecting Students with Creative Potential." In The Creative
College Student: An Unmet Challenge
(P. Heist, ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Osborn. A. F.
1953 Applied Imagination. New York: Scribners.

Patrick, Catharine
1935 "Creative Thought In Poets." Archives of Psychology 26: 1-74.
1937 "Creative Thought in Artists." Journal of Psychology 4: 35-73.
1938 “Scientific Thought.” Journal of Psychology 5: 55-83.

Rossman, J.
1931 The Psychology of the Inventor. Washington: Inventors Publishing.

Stein. M.
1967 “Creativity and Culture.” In Explorations in Creativity (R. L.
Mooney and T. A. Razik, eds.). New York: Harper.

Wallas, Joseph
1926 The Art of Thought. New York: Harcourt Brace

Werthelmer. M.
1945 Productive Thinking. New York: Harper

Wycoff, Joyce
1991 Mindmapping. New York: Putnam Berkley.


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